photos by Patrick Hsu
SAT已经考完, 留下的一打一打的参考资料和练习成为我对这段历史的回忆, 我这几天又想了想, 或许我可以不让这一堆纸就这么沉积沉寂, 我可以把我备考时期的零零碎碎都分享出来, 就像我分享服饰日志那样, 或许可以让其他正在备战SAT的人受益, 这不就是我开这个博客的动机吗, 去分享, 去帮助别人.
注: 以下文章都是我自己写的, 没有任何摘抄或借鉴网上现有资料, 所有题目都出自SAT历年真题. 是在限时25分钟内完成的. 我不是母语是英语的人, 我也不是什么专业人士, 我只是茫茫学习英语的学生中的一员. 时间很短, 要求很多, 或许有些许时态错误, 或许有些许run-on和fragment错误, 或许有些许地方逻辑不通顺或者不符合事实, 还请大家理解.
NO.1 13年1月 题目: Should people change their behaviors depending on what situation they are in?
In the process of evolution, creatures have to change as the circumstances change in order to survive. After the foxes moved to the South Pole, they increased their body fat and their fur turned white gradually so that foxes could hide from predators in the snow; After the tangerine tree from the south was planted in the north, the tangerine turned more acid and acerbic than it was in the south. Both animals and plants change their characteristics with the alternation of the environments and situations. I certainly agree that people should change their behaviors depending on what situation they are in.
In numerous inspirational films and television programs, we can appreciate how the characters change with the change of environment. In the popular soap opera Two Broke Girls, Caroline Channing shifted her character from a rich spoiled girl to a poor homeless girl. In her old life, Caroline got a full wardrobe of fancy clothes. Because of her wealth, she could buy whatever she wanted and throw whatever she disliked away; she lived in the Uper East Side; she ordered other people to do things for her; she possessed countless money. However, Caroline's fathered was charged that he stole a bunch of money from people and ended in jail. Afterwards, Caroline had to wear the same dress in days; she lived in a simple and crude house in Brooklyn since her townhouse was taken and bolted up by the bank; she became a waitress who serve people; she lost everything, including money, houses, jewellery, family, so-called"friends". Caroline Channing became a broken girl from a billionaire. In the situation she was facing, she had to change her attitude and behaviors. She could no longer consider herself as a spoiled wealthy young lady of note, yet a waitress who suit others' wishes and interests in order to gain tips. She tried to wash clothes and clean the toilet to make a living, which she would never did so when she was wealthy. In the latest episode, Caroline even had two jobs so that she could pay the tuition for her roomate as well as deposit money for their cupcake business. Since she was in a whole new environment, Caroline abandoned her princessly style of life and replaced it with hard-working and economical behaviors.world, the government
There are examples, which shows us people should change their behaviors depending on environments, in the reality world too. The famous and giant Nelson Mandela dedicated his whole life to anti-partheid. He was even caught in jail because of the so-called crime of "rebellion". While Nelson was in jail, he still appealed black people to resist the government of South Africa. After Nelson's long-lasting struggle and endeavours, and under so much pressure from the world, the government finally released Nelson. Ultimately, Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa. While being a president, Nelson no longer called for the fight between the black and the white, since he wanted his country to be peaceful, steady, and developing. Instead, he offered to create a new South Africa and appealed conciliatory. When Nelson was in jail, he belonged to the disadvantaged social group so he wanted to fight for rights; when he bacame the president, his status changed so he wanted people to reconcile and develop a new South Africa. Nelson Mandela changed his view and behaviors as the situation changed to benefit the country.
From the examples above, enough evidence has proved that human, animals, and plants all need to change depending on what situation they are in. Flexibility is the key to survive and thrive.
NO.2 08年5月 题目: Do incidents from the past continue to influence the present?
There is a part of cript from Cloud Atlas that roused me -------- our lives are not our own. From womb to tomb, we are bound to others, past and present. And by each crime and every kindness, rebirth our future. I believe that every event and every person somehow has direct or indirect connection to others; I believe death is a door. When it closes, another opens; I believe each and every encounter, in a way, is a reunion; I believe when one thing happens, it never ends. There are countless evidence proved that incidents from the past do continue to influence the present.
The world is abundant with such examples. Nowadays, American government advocate to promote denuclearization. For the reason, we have to relive the nightmare from the dust of history. In 1945, The United States projected two nuclear bombs on Nagasak and Hiroshima, Japan. The power of nuclear bombs is equivalent to it of thousands of tons of TNT. There were over 300000 people in totall died because of these horrible bombardment. What's worse, nuclear bombs also brought long-term effects. There were pregnant women survived in the attacks, whose babies all got psychological and physical diseases. Some of them had congenital malformations; some of them were deaf; some of them were dumb. Even after a few generations, those inabilities still existed. In addition, the bombardment caused extremly serious environment problems which lasted until now. The lakes were contaminated; the sea was contaminated; the forests were destroyed; the animals were gone. Gradually, the joy that the nuclear bombs brought to Americans were replaced by fear. A news anchor, Don Goddard, once predicted that: there is a reason to believe, our bomb destroy Hiroshima in a flash, yet the same fate might also come to Denver, Colorado and 350000 residents might also die in an instant. Witnessing what happened in Japan, people's hearts were shaking. Now we agree denuclearization because history has showed us nuclear bombs can ruin the world and all mankind. And this fear and understanding will still continue.
Numerous instances also happened in my country. Among those emperors who made the most essential contributions and changes in China, Emperor Qin is always the first one to enter my mind. Over two thousand years ago, there was not a standard writting in China, which made people could not communicate efficiently. The difference of the standard of weighing and measuring was the cause of misunderstandings and disputes among people. These process seriously hampered the development of productivity and society. Moreover, at that time, the size and width of the wagons were multifarious, which severely affected the convenience of transportation. However, nowadays in China, we have criterions for writting, measuring, weighing, and width of cars, This crucial and influential reform thanks to Emperor Qin. Under his rule, he unified the official script ------ Li Shu, which is one of the modern Chinese character fonts and is still used. He also unified the official unit of length and width, and the width of cart and wagon. After that, people from different six states of China can easily communicate. The innovations of Emperor Qin importantly influenced the lives of Chinese now and undoubtly they will still have influence after a few generations.
In the movie Cloud Atlas, a lawyer wrote a book of sailing diaties; years later, a gay couple read the sailing diaries; years later, a journalist received some letters which belong to the homosexual couple; a neighbor of the journalist wrote a novel based on the letters; a publisher published this novel; a clone human watched a movie adapted from the publisher; in the future, a group of people were inspired by the clone and deified her. This movie illustrates the consequence of everything, so does the world. Anything that happened will definitely lead to consequences.
NO.3 12年10月 题目: Do all people need to be creative?
Human beings need creativity. While the wheel of history is moving forward, creativity is the reason that our world improve and prosper. From ancient people who drilled wood to make fire, to mordern scientists that created many kinds of robots to serve, it was proved that creativity is the stage for human race to ascend one after another high levels. However, not all people need to be creative. Nothing can be accomplished without norms and standards. For some individuals and people in particular professions, they should fulfill their duties within the rules. For them, remaining in their proper sphere is a better choice than being creative.
The world is abandunt with such examples. Before the car company BYD became well-known and popular, its creator Wang, chuanfu had been through a tough period. In the first place, Wang was an ambitious man who wanted to own a car brand and design all the cars by himself. Actually, he did so. He designed many kinds of cars and invested a lot of money to produce them, with the desire that he might become the new king of cars. Nevertheless, something unexpected may happen anytime. It seemed that customers were just unwilling to buy his cars. Customers considered Wang's creativities did not accord with their aesthetic view. They would pay more money to buy cars of famous brands, rather than to purchase ugly cars of BYD with a low price. Wang's dream was ruined. Afterwards, Wang fired all his cars, with anger, disappointment, and despair. He decided not to be creative at all. This time, Wang imitated all popular types of cars in the market. As long as that kind of cars were sold well, Wang mimiced its design. Roadster, convertible, truck, SUV, van... Wang never create again. Instead, he copied others' designs and produced cars in his company and sold them in a low price. Ultimately, this choice brought BYD fame and brought Wang wealth. He was not creative, yet he gained success. For individuals like Wang, maybe creativity just not suit them.
Furthermore, people in some particular professions do not need to be creative, but to abide by rules. Soldiers in the battlefield have to conform to the strategy and listen to leader's command; polices in their position have to obey the orders, disciplines, and laws; drivers while driving have to comply with the trafic rules and regulations completely; doctors and nurses during the operations have to obey some sequences and 100 percent correspond with the medical rules; workers that work in the assembly line have to tally with the design; engineers that direct workers do not allow mistakes and distinctions with their works... These people in their professions do not need creativity or are not allowed to have creativity.
To sum up, creativity is important, yet not all people need to be creative.
NO.4 09年10月 题目: Is it better for people to know everything they can about something before taking action, or should they act first and get more information later?
The world we live in is filled with information and communication technology. People in the present can easily and quickly obtain helpful and useful information from every corner in the world, which was hard to imagine for people in the past. Therefore, people should take such development as an advantage in order that they can make sure their decisions go well. For instance, check as much as possible information before travelling, the weather, the routes, the customs, the environments and so on. As for me, knowing everything I can before taking action is so necessary and crucial.
In military territory, there goes a proverb that as long as you have a thorough understanding of yourself as well as your enemy, you can win any battle, which shows the importance of knowing everything. During the World War Two, the allied army planned to land in Normandy. But people worried that if they did so directly, the Germans would return fire fiercely and the alliance might lose the battle. In this case, the alliance demanded general Patton to gather an army in the opposite of Calais. Moreover, the alliance made many models od tanks, cannons, and planes so that when the Germans flew over there, they believed the alliance would attack from that place. In addition, the alliance made a dead body flowed to the Germans with a secret note written that the allied army would land in the Calais, dressing like a British officer. Unsurprisingly, the Germans got the body and the note. They finally believed it and were lured away from Normandy. Instead, the Germans got completely ready at Calais. Until the alliance were succeed in landing in Normandy, the Germans realized that they were fooled and they lost. If the Germans knew accurately and thoroughly about their enemy before taking actrion, if the Germans stayed in Calais and kept attention to their enemy for a longer time, if the Germans investigated who the dead body was before believing in the scheme; if the Germans thought more and got more information, the history migh change.
In the world without wars, there are examples illustrated the importance of knowing everything as well. There was a period in Australia that the wild rabbits swamped. Because of the lack of natural enemy, the umber of rabbits increased rapidly. They ate almost all the grasses on the Australian prairie, which resulted in a horrible destruction of environment. Th Australian government was so freaked out that they hastily introduced cats to control the number of wild rabbits without scientific experiments and studies. Indeed, the cats controled the rabbits in the first place, yet they led to a more serious disaster. Aftering eating enough rabbits, the cats found that little birds and eggs of birds were much more easy to obtain, and thus the number of birds decreased speedily, including some unique and precious birds. If the Australian government knew things in details carefully and thoroughly before taking action and found another way to control the rabbits, such environmental disaster would be prevented.
All in all, a lot of evidence and examples have proved how necessary the knowledge is. Knowing as much as possible before taking actions is the key in battlefield, markets, science...
NO.5 13年5月 题目: Is it a mistake to value action over thought?
The public values action over thought. On one hand, to take actions is far more difficult than to think. In the process of realizing the ideas, there are countless barriers and obstructions stuck on the way, which people have to step over. On the other hand, the thoughts, in the first place, are meaningless and worthless bacause the public will never know and respect them until one make them come true. The true astronauts are much more valuable and respectful than those who just want to be astronauts. Without actions, any thought is just fantasy.
World is abundant with such examples. There are a considerable number of people who want to be philanthropist. They want to be respected and memorixed because of their kindness and courages. However, only a few of people take actions. Kong, fansen, who was a hero from China, volunteered to work in Tibet away from his family. Without his efforts, Tibet is a place filled with dirt and disorders. People live in chaos and noises. There are no completed medical structure and education system. Away from his family, Kond went to Tibet to help people instead of staying at his warm home and working in a modern city. After his arival in Tibet, Kong develpoed the local education so that 80 percent of children were able to go to school; he improved the medical conditions so that most of the local people could visit doctors; he raised the standards of living environments so that people in Tibet could live a healthy and comfortable lives. Ultimately, Kong died in Tibet because of a car accident. Although he died physically, his spirits would live permanently. For his actions, he would always be respected and remembered by Chinese. Many people want to be hero like Kong, yet they are not bold enough to tate actions and dedicate their lives. It is because there are so many difficulties and dangers in the world, actions are more valuable than daydreams.
Moreover, there are many thoughts which are not awared by the public until one realize them. The famous and influential designer, Gabrielle Chanel, is such an example. At first, she used her unique designs and incredible skills to make one and another simple yet special hats, which were so welcomed by ladies who have already been sick of the complicated lace. Afterwards, Chanel's inventions increased. She shortened the length of full dresses to the daily dresses. She boldly broke the tradition and made clothes as simple and pure as possible. What's more, back then, clothes in black were but for funerals, yet Chanel created her little black dress which is still classical now. She also got inspired by men's clothes and made women's clothes less feminine. Instead of the style of garish, she created blazers and pants for women, which is so not allowed in 20s. Chanel's originality created her own era and it is still classical for people in the present. Maybe there were some ones who got the same or similar thoughts as Chanel's, buy as soon as she came up with some new ideas, she took actions. If Chanel just got so many inventions in her head, yet not to actually create such clothes, she might not be a legend.
From examples above, action is more important than thought.